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OECD

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

 

 

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (hereinafter: OECD) is an international organisation based in Paris, France. It roots trace back to 1948 at which time it was established as the Organisation for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC), and in 1960 it was concerted into OECD as it is known today.

 

OECD consists of 30 member states responsible for drawing up standards and principles when it comes to economic and development policies, and aiming to increase their respective economic growth, employment and high living standards. What is more, OECD comprises a series of committees responsible for relevant areas addresses by OECD, as well as consisting of a number of subcommittees and working groups.

 

On May 16th 2007 the OECD Ministerial Council at its annual meeting granted a mandate to its Secretariat General to kick off accession negations for Slovena's full-fledged membership of OECD. 

 

Slovenia regards the prospect of membership as a huge success as well as international acknowledgment for its economic growth and social development. Slovenia has made every effort to achieve this goal for a number of years also by actively participating in around 50 OECD working bodies. In 1996, Slovenia gained observer status in OECD Chemicals Committee, including in all corresponding subcommittees and working groups. This was one of Slovenia’s first huge achievements following its independence in 1991. This status is temporary, and is periodically extended by decisions made by both the OECD Council and OECD member states. Since May 2004, Slovenia has been fully participating in its working group responsible for GLP, and as well as in its group of national coordinators for testing guidelines, both falling under the OECD Chemicals Committee.

 

 

OECD Working Group on Good Laboratory Practice aims at increasing quality of implementing non-clinical safety studies, harmonising approaches of national control authorities when it comes to evaluating laboratories and safety studies, providing for test results exchange among various countries, and in doing so reducing animal testing.

 

Slovenia became an observer in this group in 1996, at which time it also became an observer in the OECD Chemicals Committee. In the light of this achievement, the Ministry of Health and the Chemicals Office of the Republic of Slovenia launched a couple of initiatives to secure Slovenia’s full-fledged membership in these two working bodies. In November 1998, the OECD Council extend an official invitation to Slovenia as a non-member state to provisionally participate in MAD (Mutual Acceptance of Data). Consequently, Slovenia started to unilaterally take into consideration all data collected through GLP from OECD member states. In May 2003, OECD GLP inspectors conducted Mutual Joint Visits (MJV) to establish that new GLP rules have been successfully translated into practice in Slovenia, and that there are no obstacles standing in the way of the mutual acceptance of data on chemical testing in accordance with GLP. When this has been confirmed by the OECD Chemicals Committee and OECD Council, Slovenia joined the OECD MAD programme. In doing so, Slovenia also gained full membership of the OECD Working Group for Good Laboratory Practice, and OECD Group of National Coordinators for Testing Guidelines.

 

 

MAD addresses the acceptance of data on safety studies of all types of chemicals (medicinal products for human and veterinary use, plant protection products, biocidal products, industrial chemicals, cosmetic products, food additives and feed additives) conducted for using such chemicals and placing them on the market. These studies may, inter alia, include testing of physical and chemicals properties of chemicals, toxicity, mutagenicity, ecotoxicity, bioaccumulation, residues, ecosystem impacts and analytical chemistry associated with these tests. GLP principles cover all lab activities, including those pertaining to animals, plants and on the field.