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STRATEGIC MATERIALS OF SPECIAL SIGNIFICANCE FOR SECURITY AND HEALTH

 

 

The primary purpose of the Strategic Materials Act (Official Gazette RS, No. 29/06) is to prevent and preclude implementing strategic activities that are in direct contradiction with global arrangements on controlling international trade in chemicals, biological substances and technologies for their manufacture and use.

 

The fundamental pieces of global arrangements are Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction (Official Gazette RS, No. 34/97 – International Agreements, No. 9/97), and Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction (OJ SFRY, No. 43/74).

 

Since 1997, the Republic of Slovenia has been a Signatory to the Convention on Chemical Weapons (ratified in 1997), having transposed it into its national legislation by way of the Chemical Weapons Act (Official Gazette RS, No. 36/99) (ceasing to be in force with the entry into force of the Strategic Materials Act) in 1997.

 

Slovenia, as a part of the Former Federative Republic of Yugoslavia, signed up to the Convention on Biological Weapons in 1974 (ratified in 1974).

 

In addition to these conventions, the provisions of the Strategic Material Act are applied to implement certain international agreements and protocols of non-contract nature, such as

 

  • Australia group is an informal forum of countries which, through the harmonisation of export controls, seeks to ensure that exports do not contribute to the development of chemical or biological weapons. Coordination of national export control measures assists Australia Group participants to fulfil their obligations under the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention to the fullest extent possible. It was put in place in 1985, and Slovenia has enjoyed its membership since April 2004. 

  • Wasenaar protocol (in that part that relates to chemicals).

With Slovenia’s accession to the EU in 2004, Slovenia had to transpose the Acquis into its national legislation regarding control of transferring chemicals within the European Union. When it comes to the Strategic Materials Act, its provisions regarding the control of strategic materials export are directly based on Council Regulation (EC) No 1334/2000 as at  June 22nd  2000 on setting up.

 
A Community regime for the control of export of dual-use items and technology (transposition into national legislation in May 2004) and Council Regulation (EC) No. 394/2006 (a list of goods is applicable) amending and updating Council Regulation (EC) No. 1334/2000.

 

The Strategic Materials Act has integrated all above-mentioned regimes as well as concentrating powers for their implementation into one single competent authority, i.e. the Chemicals Office of the Republic of Slovenia.

 

Until such time that implementing regulations of the Strategic Materials Act have been issued, relevant implementing regulations of the Chemical Weapons Act (Forms) remain valid.

 

Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction (CWC).

 

CWC prohibits development, production, trade, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons, as well as calling for their destruction.


The prohibition pertains to chemical weapons (toxic chemicals and their precursors intended for illicit use by this Convention). The prohibition, however, does not relate to the use of toxic chemicals and their precursors for intended use that this Convention does not prohibit, i.e. industrial, agriculture, research, medicine, pharmaceutical and other peaceful purposes.

 

Toxic chemicals and their precursors subject to CWC provisions and those of the Chemical Weapons Act are defined in Annex on Chemicals to CWC. This Annex consists of List 1. 2 and 3. At present, this Annex contains more than 900 chemicals. Comprehensive list of chemicals is available in Useful Reference - Handbook on chemicals.

 

The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) was established in 1997 in Hague with the aim of attaining CWC objectives http://www.opcw.org/. OPCW is in charge of international checks envisaged by CWC. 
 
 

Contact Point: Nataša Kozamernik